FILE REGARDING EMILIANO ZAPATA AND THE EJÉRCITO LIBERTADOR DEL SUR WITH A SIGNED LETTER

Price: $4,900.00


TermsAsk a Question
click image to zoom

Book Id: 109370

Description

20 leaves of manuscripts and 22 leaves of mimeographed typescripts (many of them signed or annotated in manuscript), most about 13 x 8 1/2 inches or shorter; Zapata letter with faint dampstaining down vertical fold, a few items with minor edge wear, but generally well-preserved. Vp, July to November 1912

Comments

Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919) was a key figure in the Mexican Revolution. Commanding the Liberation Army of the South (Ejército Libertador del Sur) from his home state in Morelos, he sought land reform and supported the 1911 overthrow of Porfirio Diaz. When Diaz's successor Francisco Madero also proved uninterested in land reform, Zapata continued the struggle. Offered here is a file relating to the Madero government's counter-insurgency efforts against the Zapatistas. The highlight of this lot is a Letter Signed from Zapata to the railroad offices of Mexico, and is a warning notice to the government, the railroad companies and their employs and the passengers of future-armed attacks on all trains leaving or entering Mexico City. Headed "Ejercito Libertador del Sur, Circular 210" and dated Morelos, 25 August 1912, it begins "A las empresas ferrocarrileras, a las comercianses y pasajeros de trenes. La junta revolucionaria del movimiento armado del sur y del centro de la República, en sesión verificada el día 15 del corriente acordó se haga conocer a las empresas ferrocarrileras como lo hago, que del día 10 de Septiembre serán atacados por mis fuerzas todo los trenes que salgan de la Ciudad de México a diferentes lugares de la República." It notifies all railroad employees and passengers that any trains leaving Mexico City after 10 September will be attacked by Zapata's revolutionary army. It closes "'Reforma, Libertad, Justicia y Ley." The body of the letter is in a secretarial hand, over his signature as "General en Jefe." Most extant Zapata signatures are from the 1914-19 period, and we are aware of no earlier signatures on the market since 1986. His signature is tighter and more tidy than his later efforts, but retains the distinctive hook swooping across from the penultimate "t". The remainder of the file consists of reports from field agents to the chief inspectors of the Mexican Police, Major Emiliano López Figueroa and Anastasio Bravo. They discuss attempts to infiltrate Zapatista bases in Morelos; investigations of Zapatista collaborators in Mexico City; and inspections of federal trains in search of smuggled ammunition and weapons.several manuscript signed documents and typed documents (memorandums, reports, letters, etc.) from diverse police agents (agentes) reporting actions in train surveillance and apprehensions against members (including a priest in Mexico City) of the armed movement and raids in their operations centers. Some surveillance police memos report of trains coming from El Paso (Texas?) and crossing through the states of Puebla and Morelos (Los Reyes, Teoyolucan, Matamoros, Jujutla, Cuautla, Cuernavaca, etc.). Another manuscript document addressed to the "Inspector General de Policia" asks for a credential or a safe pass "So that they do not commit abuses or arbitrariness to my person, such as those committed in Cuernavaca" where despite working for the Government, he was subject to cruel treatment (six days tied in a room and 4 months in prison).



[en_US] Terms of Sale

All items are in good antiquarian condition or better, unless otherwise described. Everything is guaranteed to be as described. Anything may be returned for any reason within seven (7) days of receipt with prior notice. The item must be returned in the same condition as received.  Refunds, unless our error, do not include postage or carriage.
Prices are net and subject to change. Carriage and insurance are additional. California residents please add appropriate state sales tax. New customers are requested to send payment with order or supply satisfactory references. Institutional requirements accommodated.

Checks, money orders, MasterCard, Visa, Discover Card, and American Express credit cards are accepted. Clients must remit in US dollar funds, payable on a US bank, or transfer the amount due directly to the account of Howard Karno Books.

Shipping Terms

Delivery in the U.S. will be by ground UPS or insured U.S. Postal Service and shipment abroad by U.S. air mail insured or Federal Express, unless we are otherwise instructed. All shipments made are insured or can be tracked unless buyer pre-pays and assumes risk. Institutional requirements can be arranged. Overnight, second or third-day delivery can readily be accommodated. Handling fee: $5.00 per order. Shipping costs may vary due to monthly fuel surcharge changes.
[/en_US][es_ES]Términos y Condiciones

Nuestros precios están indicados en Dólares. Todas las partidas están en buen estado a menos que se indique otra cosa. Satisfacción garantizada. Cualquier partida puede devolverse dentro de los siete días de su recepción. Las partidas deben regresarse en las mismas condiciones en que se recebieron.  Gastos del envío no son reembolsables. Los precios son netos, los gastos de impuestos, envío y seguro son adicionales.

Los residentes de California, favor de agregar el impuesto de venta correspondiente a su condado. Todos los precios y existencias están sujetos a cambio sin previo aviso. En caso de sustanciales variaciones se pedirá confirmación antes del envío de los libros.

El pago podrá realizarse únicamente por tarjeta de crédito (Visa, Mastercard, American Express, Discover Card),  transferencia bancaria o cheque a nombre de Howard Karno Books, Inc. en Dólares. Instituciones : Podemos acomodar pagos y ordenes institucionales.

Envíos

Todos los envíos nacionales se realizan por correo postal asegurado o mensajería (UPS o FED EX), por lo que rogamos indiquen en su pedido un teléfono de contacto.
Los envíos internacionales urgentes (aéreo y express) se envían por Federal Express. Los paquetes no-urgentes se envían por correo aéreo asegurado.
Howard Karno Books, Inc. no se hace responsable por la demora o pérdida del pedido de los envíos que no están asegurados. Embalaje: $5.00 cada envío

 
[/es_ES][pt_PT]CONDIÇÕES GERAIS Y ENVIOS

Nossos livros e outros colecionáveis em bom estado de conservação. O estado
pode sofrer variações de exemplar para exemplar.

Prazo Máximo de Reembolso: Período de reflexão: 7 dias úteis. Após a entrega
dos livros e durante o período indicado, poderá desistir da sua compra e devolvê-la, sendo reembolsado do preço dos livros, logo após a sua reentrada nos nossos escritórios. Nestes casos, porém, deverá comunicar-nos
previamente a sua decisão.  Em caso de devolução, garantimos o reembolso do
preço dos livros no prazo máximo de 7 dias úteis, após a sua recepção nos
nossos escritórios. Artigo deve ser retornar em mesmo condição.  Porte não
es reembolsada a menos que o livro foi enviou em erro ou descrevou em erro.

Segurança y impuestos, frete,
Formas de Pagamento abaixo: (Forms of payment)
1.  Cartão de Crédito: VISA, MASTERCARD Y AMERICAN EXPRESS
2.  Depostiar a quantia devida na seguinte contra bancária en U.S. dolares.
Envia cheque nominal á Howard Karno Books, Inc. en U.S. dolares.
Solicitar o envio dos livros pelo Reembolso Postal en U.S. dolares

Modalidades de Envio

Efectuamos envios/entregas para Todo o Mundo.
Disponibilizamos duas modalidades básicas de entrega, para qualquer destino: Normal e Urgente.
Frete no EUA:
Normal: Serviços Postais con seguro ou UPS
Urgente: Fed Ex, UPS
Frete no Exterior
Normal: Via Aereo con seguro, Fed Ex
Urgente: Fed Ex, UPS
Embalagem: $5.00 cada envio

 
[/pt_PT]
Find Us On Facebook
Sign Up for Email Notifications



ABAA ILAB