Lisbon? Unknown, (1974-76). Poster 12" x 17". Red and black with white lettering. Very Good. Item #83450
Political and Historical Context: The Portuguese revolution of April 25th, 1974-the "Carnation Revolution" (Revolução dos Cravos)-was profoundly important not only for Portugal itself but for all of Western Europe as well. By the time it ran its course, in 1976, the Revolution had ended the Salazarist Estado Novo, the longest authoritarian regime in Western Europe, and brought Portugal, one of the continent's poorest countries whose economy was controlled by a handful of industrial groups, into the mainstream of European liberal democracies. Portugal's revolution also initiated the so-called "third wave of democratization," a process that spread to Greece, Spain, and Latin America. Between April, 1974, when a small group of army officers led by Otelo Saraivo de Carvalho staged a coup and brought down the regime, and April 1976, when elections brought Mário Soares into office as head of Portugal's first constitutional government, the country passed through a period of extreme turbulence, characterized by strikes, mass demonstrations, social unrest, and threats of right-wing counter coups. For at least eighteen months, however, the trend of the revolution was strongly leftward. Workers took over some 300 factories, a great many latifundia were occupied, and working class organizations-factory and revolutionary committees, agricultural cooperatives, professional syndicates and trade unions-exerted critical influence. Political parties and movements likewise proliferated during this period. The revolution had been immediately accompanied by the end of censorship, and as in all revolutionary situations, political posters were soon ubiquitous.