São Paulo: SESC (Serviço Social do Comércio) SP, 2019. b/w and plates, plans, facs., elevations, bibliographic references (p.294-301), fldg. wrps. Item #112350
In the Brazilian panorama, Lefèvre is a rare example of real coherence between his architectural practice and his political foundation. With Sérgio Ferro and Flávio Império, he was part of a group of young thinkers nicknamed "New Architecture" (there are two books about the group authored by Ana Paula Koury and Pedro Arantes), which sparked heated debates in São Paulo's architecture in the 1960s. and 70. The book "Rodrigo Brotero Lefèvre and the Vanguard of Architecture in Brazil" systematizes the complete work of the architect, something that was previously dispersed in different academic works, periodicals and archives. A major virtue of the title is its constant effort to explain how each project's internal decisions come from broader ideas. After all, his formulations were based on Marxist reflections on society. Right in the spirit of May 1968. Lefèvre did not question building shapes, but working relations at construction sites. It contrasted with the hierarchy commonly established in a project between architect, builder, bricklayer, and other professionals - used to define it as authoritarian. Contrary to the developmental political-economic project advocated by names such as Oscar Niemeyer and João Vilanova Artigas for Brazil, the Architecture Nova trio was not deluded by the maxim that the technical evolution of industry and national construction would improve quality. of life for all social classes. Therefore, they defended the "poetics of economics", in the words of Lefèvre and Ferro, "from the absolutely indispensable, the elimination of all superfluous." Buzzar shows in the work how such ideas underlie Lefèvre's designs of vaulted-roof houses - a solution for economic and constructive intelligence within a scarcity of means. Issues such as constructive rationality and modulation are even more evident in projects almost never studied such as the DNER headquarters in Brasilia and the Hospital das Clinicas ambulatory building, which Lefèvre captained within the Hidroservice company in the 1970s. when the architect was in the armed struggle against the military regime and also his arrest in 1970. Interestingly, even inside the prison, Lefèvre continued to work. This does not change the fact that Lefèvre has a representative trajectory of the hardships leftist intellectuals faced in the military dictatorship. At this absolutely adverse juncture, he made very relevant projects. The book removes Lefèvre from almost total omission and becomes the reference work on the character for other architectural researchers. Coming from a thesis defended at USP in 2002, however, the book does not present the conversion of a specific vocabulary into a reading palatable to a wider audience than the architectural medium.CONTENTS: Apresentação -- Em vez de prefacio -- Introdução -- A Catedral de Lefèvre -- Capitulo 1: O espaço de convivio na Arquitetura moderna brasiliera -- Calitulo 2: A Associação de Rodrigo Brotero Lefèvre ferro e Flavio Imperio -- Capitulo 3: Origem e formação. Arquitetura brasileira e sua historiografia -- Capitulo 4: Arquitetura brasileira, desenvolvimento e tecnica construtiva -- Capitulo 5: Inicio dos anos 1970: O percurso inicial de Rodrigo Brotero Lefèvre -- Capitulo 6: Arquitetura, desenvolvimento e construção -- Capitulo 7: Arquitetura: utopia e realidad -- Conclusão -- Anexo -- Referencias bibliograficas -- Sobre o autor -- Agradecimentos -- Creditos das imagens.